Gynecomastia is a condition characterized by the enlargement of breast tissue in males. It can occur at any age and is often caused by hormonal imbalances, genetics, certain medications, or underlying medical conditions. Gynecomastia can lead to self-consciousness, emotional distress, and a negative impact on self-esteem for those affected.
The excess breast tissue in gynecomastia can be glandular tissue, fatty tissue, or a combination of both. The condition can range from mild to severe and may affect one or both breasts. Gynecomastia can occur in infants, adolescents during puberty, and adult men.